Since the “industrial revolution”, the industrialized world is undoubtedly the main theme of the development of all countries, especially for only the 70th anniversary of the establishment of new China, from ordnance to civilian use, from light industry to heavy industry, from the coast to the interior, the traditional industrialized farming community change brings, can be described as earth-shaking. Representatives of the real economy, the manufacturing sector is the basic dish Chinese economy, related to the international competitive position of the people as well as fine life. But in recent years CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , changes in China’s economic structure, and the changes brought about by the industrial pattern, it is worth some discussion.
1, industrial stall in 2019, only the remaining two months. The latest economic data released in the first three quarters, the economic growth rate of 6%, again hit a new low. The one that industrial economic performance data, is not very optimistic. The first three quarters of above-scale industrial added value increased by 5.6%, marking the lowest level since the first quarter of 2016.
2000- September 2019 above-scale industrial added value growth rate year on year Chinese Fortunately month growth rate of 5.8% in September, compared with August, slightly, but the overall situation is still walking down trend. Including industrial robots, metal-cutting machine tools and other products, production continued to decline, automobile manufacturing, agro-food processing industry, the textile industry’s performance is not very good. And even more worrying is the decline in profits of industrial enterprises.
January to September, the national regulatory industrial enterprises realized a total profit of 4.59335 trillion yuan, down 2.1 percent year on year, since February of this year has been in a state of negative growth. In the 41 industrial sectors, 30 industry total profit year on year increase, a decrease of 11 industries. Which many industry profit growth even seen a sharp decline. Such as automobile manufacturing, decreased 16.6%; such as paper and paper products industry, decreased 20.2%; Nonferrous Metals, such as, decreased 23.6%; for example ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry, decreased 41.8%; such as oil, coal, and other fuel processing industry fell 53.5%; compared to the previous two years, only two of the industry profits fell in 2017, expanded in 2018 to 7, to August 13 this year, the most frequent industry profits fell. Profit, is the fundamental survival of a broken red line, clearing time will come. Withdrawal of foreign investment, is this loveAnother challenge in the situation. 2017, the world’s largest hard drive maker Seagate officially shut down the Suzhou factory and lay off 2,000 people; in April 2018, Samsung officially closed its only a network equipment manufacturing enterprises in mainland China – Shenzhen Samsung Electronics, Communications, and dismissed 320 people. October 2019, Samsung officially announced the closure of the last of its smart phone manufacturing plant in China – Guangdong Huizhou factory; rising labor costs, low profit margins, so that their production positions, without exception, have moved to Southeast Asia. Before profit, no one qualified to act as God. 2, who is the first industrial province? In such a large environment, China’s industrial provinces and how well it?
According to the above-scale industrial production value comparison, Jiangsu, Shandong and Guangdong, all of which are more than 10 trillion yuan Control Engineering Copyright , is worthy of the industrial province. In addition, there are more than 5 trillion Henan, Zhejiang and Hebei three provinces. While the lowest Tibet, only 20 billion succeed. This is one of the industrial layout gap is extremely large. Among these, one might have doubts exist Henan. The major agricultural province of Henan, industry is also so strong? In fact, Henan’s industrial strength is mainly concentrated in two industries – manufacturing and food manufacturing equipment, the size of two industries have reached one trillion. For example, to Luoyang delayed, Railway engineering equipment, cranes Changyuan as the representative of the equipment manufacturing industry, such as in Shuanghui, three full, thoughts as the representatives of the food processing industry, are the industry leaders. Coupled with Yutong as the representative of the automotive industry, Foxconn as the representative of the communications industry, Henan industrial strength is not bad, just add the label is a major agricultural province, the moment nothing is overlooked. And if to compare the profits of industrial enterprises in accordance with, and who is the most lucrative of the provinces? Total profit
31 provinces industrial enterprises, the top three is still an old acquaintance, but the change order. Jiangsu is still first, ahead of Guangdong, Shandong ranked second. While Jiangsu and Guangdong, and only two total profit of more than 800 billion provinces of Shandong came in third, less than 500 billion, the gap is very obvious. But if it is as in Comparative profit growth, but is quite different.
profit growth of 31 provinces in the first eight months of this year, 14 provinces positive growth, but negative growth in 17 provinces, can be met with mixed successhalf. Among them, the fastest growth was actually Ningxia and Henan, the growth rate in excess of 20%. The growth rate of Yunnan, Sichuan, Hainan, Hubei, Anhui, Fujian and other six provinces, more than 10%. Performance this year, Jiangsu, Guangdong and Shandong three industrial province, is not satisfactory. Inside at the top of Guangdong, the profit growth of only 0.4%, ranked 14. While Jiangsu and Shandong have experienced negative growth, especially in Shandong, a decline of 13%, the kinetic energy of the old and new task switching, very difficult. Negative profit growth as well as Shanxi, Jilin, Hebei, Liaoning province and other traditional industries, industrial restructuring pressures than expected but also urgent. 3, who is the first industrial city? So, the pattern of Chinese industrial city of CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , what is the picture of it?
According to the industrial added value ranked first published 2018 Financial 25 cities of Shenzhen to 925.4 billion scale ranked first and the only one over 900 billion of the city, lead the country. Shanghai and Suzhou is in excess of 800 billion, came in second and third. Since Suzhou and Singapore Suzhou Industrial Park to build, Suzhou industrial strength will be rapid progress, especially communications, computer equipment manufacturing industry in the country is second to none. Although in recent years, many foreign companies to evacuate Suzhou CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , but the foundation is still there. Tianjin, Chongqing, Chengdu and Guangzhou, the industrial added value of between 550 billion yuan to 700 billion yuan, ranking four to seven. Tianjin’s industrial strength is not bad, but in recent years the economic squeeze water, the growth rate dropped a lot. Chongqing and Chengdu, but rather rely on the outstanding performance of the electronic information manufacturing industry considerably. The past ten point of view, in addition to Tianjin, nine cities in the south, the economic gap between north and south, and industrial strength is one example. 9 cities in the South, there are seven cities in the Yangtze River economic belt, from upstream to downstream of Chongqing, Shanghai, the Yangtze River has become the strongest strength of China’s industrial area. The Northeast is not a city in the top ten finalists. There is the highest ranking of Dalian, the industrial added value is only 263.3 billion, in the traditional heavy industries northeast label, a little lonely. The other hand, the higher ranked cities, are based on the communications, computer, electronics and other high technology manufacturing equipmentSurgery industries, or high growth cities such as Suzhou, Chongqing, Foshan and so on. Industrial restructuring, for those traditional manufacturing-based city, even more important. 4, transition path and industrial transformation, has become the industry throughout the history of Chinese keywords.
observed secondary and tertiary industries accounted for the changes in China will be able to find the beginning of the founding of the food and clothing problem is that top problem, therefore, agriculture is still the primary industry accounted for a high proportion. Prior to 1984, accounting for most of the first industries in more than 30%; by 2018, this proportion dropped to about 7%. By the seventies and eighties, the second industry began to force, to the northeast as the representative of the country’s heavy industry has become typical. In 1970, the secondary industry accounted for more than the first industry , and since then stabilized at above 40%, at this time, China began to transition from agricultural country to an industrial power. The world’s factory name, start louder. With the economic strength gradually, people’s living standards improve, the proportion of tertiary industry services also began to climb rapidly. In 1985 the tertiary industry accounted for more than primary industry, secondary industry than in 2012, China’s largest industrial economy accounted for. Since then, China began commercial power to a power shift from the industry. Chinese urban industrial restructuring, also follow this vein. In 2008, China’s GDP ranked in the top 20 cities of the country, the proportion of tertiary industry is higher than the secondary industry only five cities of Beijing, Shanghai and Wuhan deep. By 2017, this phenomenon has completely changed, higher than the proportion of secondary industry tertiary industry in Ningbo and Foshan only two. Those traditional resource-based industrial city, the economic slowdown, loss of population, is gradually disappearing. The wheel of history, never stopping in its footsteps. Chinese industry from agriculture to China, to the Chinese business, changes in industry structure means that the economic center of gravity shift, cities, businesses, residents need to do the same to change the direction of development. But this does not mean that industry is no longer a pillar of the economy, it is still a basic disk economy. New industrialization strategy proposed by the current world, such as the United States re-industrialization strategy, the German Industry 4.0, is the only way for the country to embrace high-tech in the new situation. The development of the city’s roads, we must assess the situation, to embrace big data and artificial intelligence, high-tech, in order to have a bright future.