In the 1990s, with the development of information technology and artificial intelligence, digital manufacturing technology caused concern and research in developed countries, the United States, Japan and other countries have set up digital manufacturing research project funds and experimental base, study and practice of digital manufacturing has made great progress. 20th century, especially after the 2008 financial crisis, developed countries to recognize the shortcomings of the past, industrial development, the development of “return to manufacturing” development strategy, while big data, cloud computing and other front-end scientific and technological development of information technology caused a number of manufacturing accelerate the transition to intelligent, digital manufacturing as the main direction of the future of the manufacturing sector, giving a series of policy support, to seize the high ground of international competition in science and technology manufacturing. 2017 Global Digital Manufacturing industry output value of about $ 1.08158 trillion, up 17.3% over 2016, among nearly three years compound annual growth of over 10%.
Manufacturing Information Technology in the past two decades, tremendous changes have taken place. With the development of three-dimensional modeling technology, based on a series of three-dimensional model of information technology applications developed rapidly, including rapid prototyping, digital manufacturing systems process design, process validation and process management based on three-dimensional interactive document publishing systems, and enterprise support . Research shows that: 90% of production failures can be resolved through process design, so the application of digital manufacturing technology, has become one of the key ways to improve the manufacturing capability of China’s manufacturing industry. Since then Germany proposed the “Industry 4.0” strategy, countries began to develop the manufacturing sector Control Engineering Copyright , China promulgated the “Made in China 2025” can be regarded as China’s version of the “Industry 4.0.” But for now, the stage of China’s manufacturing is still a certain gap compared with developed countries. 2015–2017 China’s digital manufacturing industry production value on the basis of the low base achieved explosive growth, average annual compound growth rate of 11%, by 2017 the output value of Chinese digital scale manufacturing industry amounted to 1.52307 trillion yuan, an increase of 20.5 compared with 2016 % growth rate increase of 7 percentage points over the same period in 2016. First, the digital manufacturing technology has been in our country a large quantity of application of the government carried out manufacturing information engineering projects, promote digital design, develop manufacturing equipment, digital, production digital and digital management and business figures of the other aspects of digital manufacturing technology in China We have made a large number of applications:First, promote the use of CAD / CAPP / CAE / CAM has changed the traditional design and production, production model, has become an important technical features of the development of modern manufacturing industry; the second is to promote the application of MRP / ERP; third is to promote the application of CIMS ; Fourth, network construction, the rapid development of Internet technology in recent years, the rapid development of enterprise networks. At present, the digital manufacturing technology is developing in depth, show the following trends: First, is changing from 2D to 3D, form based on the definition of the model / based work instructions model as the core design and manufacturing; the second is a parallel and coordinated by product, modeling and simulation process and production resources and early validation integrated optimization techniques to improve interoperability and parallelism of multi-disciplinary design and manufacture, product and process design results; third digital assembly and maintenance; Fourth digital workshop and digital factory, which is the digital manufacturing technology in the workshop and and factory-integrated applications and a new mode of production and efficient operations, for the efficient logistics implementation as well as lean manufacturing, reconfigurable manufacturing, diversified manufacturing, and other advanced manufacturing mode provides aids; Fifth, industrial Internet, by a machine, device groups, a network of facilities and systems, can be connected at a deeper level capacity, large data, numerical analysis, combined with 3D printing. Second, our digital manufacturing effectiveness of the early digital manufacturing with a flexible and agile characteristics, can respond quickly to changes in market demand, with the manufacturing sector from production-centric to market demand as the center of the transition, manufacturing digital development of China initial results. First, China’s manufacturing industry into the digital design aspects of the constantly increasing; secondly, the rapid development of China’s digital manufacturing, innovation performance instrumentation, machine tools, robotics and other industries of the early, rapid 3D printing and other emerging industries; Moreover, China’s manufacturing digital management industry show the effectiveness of control Engineering Copyright , information technology has been widely used in the manufacturing enterprise. Third, the digital manufacturing in the share of manufacturing in our country needs to be improved in recent years, high-tech industry in China’s manufacturing industry accounted share of the growth trend has slowed down, manufacturing urgent need to adjust the industrial structure. Compared with developed countries, China’s manufacturing industry, innovation is not strong, is still in the high-tech aspects of playing catch-up, a number of key core technologies have not yet mastered, integrated manufacturing less competitive in the international division of labor and industry as a whole chain of the low-end. At present, China’s high-tech manufacturing industry accounted for the proportion is about the United StatesOne-third of China’s manufacturing industry structure needs to be optimized, the proportion of digital manufacturing in the manufacturing industry needs to be improved. 2015– After the 2017 Digital Manufacturing industry analysis of market size and growth rate since Germany made “Industry 4.0” strategy, countries began to develop the manufacturing sector Control Engineering Copyright , China promulgated the “Made in China 2025 “it can be regarded as China’s version of” industry 4.0. ” But for now, the stage of China’s manufacturing is still a certain gap compared with developed countries. 2015–2017 China’s digital manufacturing industry production value on the basis of the low base achieved explosive growth, average annual compound growth rate of 11%, by 2017 the output value of Chinese digital scale manufacturing industry amounted to 1.52307 trillion yuan, an increase of 20.5 compared with 2016 % growth rate increase of 7 percentage points over the same period in 2016.
Chart: 2015–2017 China’s digital manufacturing industry, market size and growth rate Source: Central Research Waterhouse Industrial Research Institute
factors impacting the development of China’s digital manufacturing industry analysis 1, the fixed assets investment in the Development of Advanced Manufacturing mainly reflected the impact at the macro level. first, the economy and society of a country or region for the purchase of fixed assets can form effective demand, effective demand can increase aggregate demand, resulting in an increase of total social output, the growth of total social output driven economy prosperity, in the economy and society of advanced manufacturing products easier to sell out. 2017 annual investment in fixed assets (excluding farmers) 63.1684 trillion yuan, up 7.2 percent over 2016, an increase of 4.2 trillion yuan. Among them, manufacturing investment 19.3616 trillion yuan, an increase of 4.8%, growth of 1 – increased by 0.7 and 0.6 percentage points in November and 2016; the contribution of all investment growth rate of 21%, up 4.1 percentage points over 2016. Manufacturing investment growth while stabilizing and recovering, constantly optimize the investment structure. 2, high-quality talent is the use of advanced production and management technology management premise of advanced manufacturing technology. Advanced management techniques is to manage the process to be implemented in the form of a computer program, which also requires business managers and managers will be computer proficiency and theoretical knowledge of modern management. High-quality talent is the source of advanced manufacturing technology and enterprise product updates, and human capitalThe main form of investment is the investment in education. 2017 CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , the total national expenditure on education investment reached 4.2557 trillion yuan, an increase of 9.43% over 2016. Among them, the state education budget was 3.4204 trillion yuan, an increase of 8.94% over 2016. 2017 CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , the national kindergarten, primary school ordinary, ordinary junior high school, high school, secondary vocational schools, colleges and universities are general education students than the total expenditure in 2016 has increased control Engineering network Copyright , the increases are as follows: 13.21%, 6.82%, 9.60%, 10.70%, 8.11%, 9.75%. 3, reflects the advanced nature of digital manufacturing in advanced technology, including the use of advanced manufacturing technology and advanced management technology, manufacturing has advanced industrial products. Access to advanced digital manufacturing technology mainly through independent research and development. Usually in research and development (R & D) as a measure of technological progress. According to Integrated Technology Express Statistics preliminary estimates As a result, in 2017 the total amount of R & D funding was 1.75 trillion yuan, up 11.6% over 2016, compared with 2016, the growth rate increased by 1 percentage point. R & D expenditure intensity (R & D expenditure as percentage of gross domestic product) was 2.12%, compared with 0.01 percentage point increase in 2016. R & D activities of the main points see Control Engineering Copyright , 2017 R & D funding for 1.3733 trillion yuan, an increase of 13.1% over 2016, two consecutive years of double-digit growth. Digital Manufacturing market saturation, our analysis of the latest industry statistics show that in 2017 our share of world manufacturing output ratio of about 27% for four consecutive years to maintain the world. In more than 500 kinds of major industrial products, China has more than 220 production ranked first in the world. China’s manufacturing industry in the past mainly rely on elements of the drive, but rely on a variety of factors to maintain a competitive advantage increasingly tight constraints. At present, the development of digital manufacturing equipment industry focused technology to track and the introduction of technology, but due to lack of basic research capabilities and efforts to digestion and absorption of imported technology is not enough, leading to an overall level of industrial technology and the world’s advanced levelThere is a wide gap between our digital manufacturing industry is still in its infancy.