Where is China’s manufacturing industry in the digital transition difficulties?

“China’s development of integration of the two data map (2017)” shows that the higher the index value of digital manufacturing R & D, manufacturing, marketing and other aspects of the lower interconnect integration, intelligent synergy index values ​​ , indicating that manufacturing digital transformation rapid progress, but the progress digital transition in networking and intelligent aspect is still slow. Following the digital economy is the agricultural economy, industrial economy new economic form, it is an important factor of production data resources to the digital transition as an important driving force. At present, more and more countries the development of the digital economy as an important way to promote economic growth, vigorously promote the new generation of information technology and manufacturing depth of integration, to develop advanced manufacturing and intelligent manufacturing. Digital transformation of China’s manufacturing industry is also an important way to improve product quality and production management efficiency. Although the development of China’s manufacturing industry has made considerable progress, but look at the reality, the majority of manufacturing enterprises is still at a low stage of development. On the basis of the digital transformation of the manufacturing sector, including both enterprise information (digital) transformation, as well as a few already have the basis of strong enterprises will big data and artificial intelligence technology used in the depth of supply, manufacturing, sales, and service link into the network, intelligence development stage. In recent years, in order to promote the transformation and upgrading of manufacturing, including traditional manufacturing industries, our environment and constantly improve the system, issued a series of strategic planning and policy measures to promote digital level of China’s manufacturing industry rising, at the forefront of the industry in the development of the Internet industry application is also expanding. State Council issued the “Guiding Opinions on deepening the integration of manufacturing and development of the Internet” and so on, for the digital transition manufacturing a comprehensive plan; Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Finance and other departments have issued “Intelligent Manufacturing Development Plan (2016-2020) “” industrial development of the Internet action plan (2018-2020 years), “and so on, clear targets and key tasks in manufacturing digital transformation. These files on technology research and development, application of the results, breaking key areas as well as finance, taxation, human resources, infrastructure, quality-based, information security, service platform gives support policies and measures played an effective role in promoting and facilitating.
At the same time, China’s information technology, industrialization levels continue to rise, but still need to force the digital transition. Industry and Information Technology issued “China’s development of integration of the two data map (2017)” shows that R & D,Manufacturing, marketing and other aspects of the digital index high value, integrated interconnect, low intelligent synergy index values ​​ , progress in manufacturing digital transformation faster, but in networking, intelligent aspects Advances in digital transformation remains slow. It is noteworthy that industrial-scale application of the Internet is expanding rapidly. Internet industry is cutting-edge technology in manufacturing digital transformation, the development of the Internet industry has become the common choice of major industrial powers to seize the commanding heights of competitive manufacturing sector. Internet technology is mainly used in industrial product development, production management, product and service sectors. The main application modes and scene of the Internet industry can be categorized into the following four categories: First, intelligent product development and mass customization; the second is intelligent production and management; Third, intelligent service; Fourth, industrial chain collaboration. Product development and industrial services sectors application of Internet technology companies, generally committed to the development of intelligent products and provide intelligent value-added services; application of Internet technology in industrial production and management aspects of business , the main development in general digital factory, intelligent factory. From the survey situation, in our product and services sectors Industrial applications of Internet technology companies, far more than the business application of Internet technology in the production of industrial management sectors. Also see the Internet platform provides industrial services and support for the digital transformation of the manufacturing sector. Industrial Internet platform can be divided into a common platform, industry platform, professional platform, they can provide users with direct services, but more cases are: universal platform to deliver services to the industry platform, industry platform for professional service platform, a platform for professional users. At present, China has a number of industrial internet platform to achieve large-scale commercial. Digital transformation of the manufacturing sector is facing many difficulties despite the digital transformation China has achieved some success, but hinder the development of the industry is still a lot of difficult problems. First, the lack of data standards authority. Manufacturing enterprises generated every day and use large amounts of data, such as data management, equipment operating data, external market data. However, many industrial types of equipment, more complex scenarios, different environments have different industrial protocols, data formats are quite different, is not compatible with a unified standard would be difficult, it is difficult into useful resources. At present, the National Information Technology Standardization Technical Committee of China, the intelligent manufacturing complex standardization working groups, the Internet industryMultiple agencies engaged in related standards developed by industry alliances, to develop a “national intelligent manufacturing standards Construction Guide (2018 edition)” “Industrial Internet standards framework (version 1.0)” and other documents, but the specific standards development and promotion just start, market acceptance is not high enough. Second, data security be guaranteed. Safety requirements for industrial data is much higher than the consumption data. Industry data covering multiple aspects of equipment, products, operations, users, etc., in the collection, storage and application process when disclosed, will give businesses and users a serious security risk. If the data has been tampered with, the production process may result in chaos, and even the threat of urban security, personal security, critical infrastructure security and even national security. At present, all kinds of theft, tampering means endless, difficult to rely solely on technology to ensure data security, nor related punitive measures in place, not to steal data, those who tamper with sufficient deterrent. Third, the data still need to improve the level of openness and sharing. With the development of the digital economy, corporate demand for external data showing a rising trend, including chain enterprise information, government regulatory information, basic information of citizens and other upstream and downstream, the effective integration of these data resources to produce value, but only if these data can be obtained. Currently, government data in the public sector, institutions and other internal integration is still in the stage, the public will take time. In terms of social data, what data can be collected and exclusive, what data can be collected but must be shared, what data can not be collected lack of detailed provisions. Fourth, the lack of key technologies capabilities, basic information infrastructure and manufacturing digital transformation is relatively weak. Currently, the key technology areas of industrial software, the underlying operating system, embedded chip development tools basically foreign monopoly; most of the country to produce industrial sensor and control products concentrated in the low-end market; control systems, data acquisition platform development tools, and other fields the patent application classes are mostly peripheral, lack of core patents. In addition, although China’s information infrastructure supply capacity significantly enhanced, but the development of unbalanced contradictions are still outstanding. These have restricted the manufacturing process of digital transformation to a certain extent. Promote the transformation need to further improve the environment for the development of digital transformation is manufacturing its own development of the practical needs of Control Engineering Copyright , most of the problems encountered in this process should be market solutions, the market also has the ability to solve. However, the improvement of the environment requires active governmentPush to better play the role of government in this regard. Perfect support and encourage policies to promote the digital transformation of the manufacturing sector. Through technological innovation interest payments on loans, relocation allowance, employee relocation assistance, accelerated depreciation, investment fund industry guidance and other ways to support and encourage enterprises to carry out digital transformation; to encourage SMEs to cooperate with the service platform through government procurement of services, etc., to guide SMEs through “on cloud “to enhance the level of digitization; through pilot demonstration, foster industrial internet platform to encourage, support competitive enterprises to improve the level of industrial internet applications, network promotion collaborative manufacturing, service-oriented manufacturing, mass customization and other new models, new form. Promote the development and application of industry data standards and promote open sharing of data. Guide industry organizations, research companies to develop industry standard industrial data, community standards, corporate standards. Carding existing national standards , timely mature industry standards, standards bodies rose to national standards. Strengthen standards and certification and accreditation, inspection and convergence detection system, and promote the standard application. Speed ​​up the process of opening up public data and promoting efficient use of data resources. Establish a sound system of social data collection, storage, trading, data protection orderly and standardized applications. Strengthen data security protection system. Strengthen industrial data and personal information protection, specifically in the use of data provided by the circulation process and security responsibilities and obligations of users; enhance data safety inspection, supervision and law enforcement, increase the punishment, strengthen deterrence; crack down on unfair competition and offenses, such as fraud, false information, reselling personal information, guide and promote trade associations and other social organizations to strengthen self-discipline. Strengthen the core technology research, strengthening the technology base. Increase R & D funding efforts on communication, networking, artificial intelligence, core components, basic software and other fields, and strengthen the underlying operating system, an embedded chip, human-computer interaction, large industrial data, core industrial software, industrial sensors and other core technology research . Increasing the number of research projects led by companies. Improve the government procurement system, increase the procurement efforts, from the demand side pull technology development, help new technologies, new products enter the market. Manufacturing around the digital transition, enhance their ability to support information infrastructure. Adapt to the requirements of the digital economy information infrastructure, the existing information infrastructure of universal service need to be strengthened. At the same time, digital factory, factory requirements for intelligent information infrastructure is much higher than consumer Internet, based on5G building and a clear demand scenarios can be appropriate to speed up in the industrial field. Strengthen international cooperation to enhance the international influence. Currently, the United States, Germany, the Internet industry to explore the consistency reference architecture (IIRA) and Industry 4.0 reference architecture model (RAMI4.0) are working together, could eventually form a unified architecture. China should play a complete range of industry, the market is large, rich data resources and other advantages, to seek further cooperation with other countries and organizations to further guide the industry to play a role in international cooperation. Overall planning CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , and job training, social security systems combine again. Manufacturing digital transformation will significantly improve the intelligence level of the enterprise, reduce ordinary jobs. Meanwhile, the old knowledge, skills, can not adapt to the digital factory, intelligent factory requires workers also difficult to adapt to digital services. For new situations that may arise, the relevant departments need to plan early, make plans, through skills training, and other public service positions to resolve the employment pressure, while the effective functioning of the social security system.

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